As we approach the home stretch of the ‘Juncker’ mandate, the European Commission last week seized what was widely seen as one of its final opportunities to put forward new legislative proposals in sufficient time for them to be signed off before elections in 2019. The EU’s executive may have realised just in time that the pace of…

For years we have heard European pension systems are under strain, as a result of increases in life expectancy and declining birth rates.  Although many Member States have been reforming their pension systems to varying degrees to meet this challenge, the most recent financial and economic crisis had made the situation more difficult and more urgent. Higher…